Summary information and primary citation

6rjg; DSSR-derived features in text and JSON formats
cryo-EM (3.2 Å)
cryo-EM structure of st1cas9-sgrna-acriia6-tdna59-ntpam complex.
Fuchsbauer O, Swuec P, Zimberger C, Amigues B, Levesque S, Agudelo D, Duringer A, Chaves-Sanjuan A, Spinelli S, Rousseau GM, Velimirovic M, Bolognesi M, Roussel A, Cambillau C, Moineau S, Doyon Y, Goulet A (2019): "Cas9 Allosteric Inhibition by the Anti-CRISPR Protein AcrIIA6." Mol.Cell, 76, 922. doi: 10.1016/j.molcel.2019.09.012.
In the arms race against bacteria, bacteriophages have evolved diverse anti-CRISPR proteins (Acrs) that block CRISPR-Cas immunity. Acrs play key roles in the molecular coevolution of bacteria with their predators, use a variety of mechanisms of action, and provide tools to regulate Cas-based genome manipulation. Here, we present structural and functional analyses of AcrIIA6, an Acr from virulent phages, exploring its unique anti-CRISPR action. Our cryo-EM structures and functional data of AcrIIA6 binding to Streptococcus thermophilus Cas9 (St1Cas9) show that AcrIIA6 acts as an allosteric inhibitor and induces St1Cas9 dimerization. AcrIIA6 reduces St1Cas9 binding affinity for DNA and prevents DNA binding within cells. The PAM and AcrIIA6 recognition sites are structurally close and allosterically linked. Mechanistically, AcrIIA6 affects the St1Cas9 conformational dynamics associated with PAM binding. Finally, we identify a natural St1Cas9 variant resistant to AcrIIA6 illustrating Acr-driven mutational escape and molecular diversification of Cas9 proteins.

Cartoon-block schematics in six views (download the tarball)

PyMOL session file Download PDB file View in 3Dmol.js