Summary information and primary citation

PDB-id
4i2g; DSSR-derived features in text and JSON formats
Class
transferase-DNA
Method
X-ray (2.5 Å)
Summary
Binary complex of mouse tdt with ssDNA
Reference
Gouge J, Rosario S, Romain F, Beguin P, Delarue M (2013): "Structures of Intermediates along the Catalytic Cycle of Terminal Deoxynucleotidyltransferase: Dynamical Aspects of the Two-Metal Ion Mechanism." J.Mol.Biol., 425, 4334-4352. doi: 10.1016/j.jmb.2013.07.009.
Abstract
Terminal deoxynucleotidyltransferase (Tdt) is a non-templated eukaryotic DNA polymerase of the polX family that is responsible for the random addition of nucleotides at the V(D)J junctions of immunoglobulins and T-cell receptors. Here we describe a series of high-resolution x-ray structures that mimick the pre-catalytic state, the post-catalytic state and a competent state that can be transformed into the two other ones in cristallo via the addition of dAMPcPP and Zn(2+) respectively. We examined the effect of Mn++, Co++ and Zn++ because they all have a marked influence on the kinetics of the reaction. All our data can be explained by a dynamic role of divalent transition metal ions bound to site A: i) Zn(2+) (or Co(2+)) in Metal A site changes coordination to a tetrahedral state after the chemical step, which explains the higher affinity of Tdt for the primer strand and ii) Metal A has to leave to allow the translocation of the primer strand and to clear the active site, a typical feature for a ratchet-like mechanism. Except for Zn(2+), the sugar puckering of the primer strand 3' terminus changes from C2'-endo to C3'-endo during catalysis. In addition, our data is compatible with a scheme where Metal A is the last component that binds to the active site to complete its productive assembly, as already inferred in human pol beta. The new structures have potential implications for modeling pol mu, a closely-related polX implicated in the repair of DNA double-strand breaks, in a complex with a DNA synapsis.

Cartoon-block schematics in six views (download the tarball)

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